How to read NFC data from VTAP via iPad


Richard Grundy

Updated July 09, 2024 22:44

Overview

In this guide, we'll show you how to create an iPad app that is capable of reading NFC data from Apple passes using a VTAP 100, SwiftUI, and some glue code. By the end of it, you'll have an app that grabs NFC data, parses it and shows the most recent scan result.

This guide assumes you are building on a Mac with a recent version of Mac OS X.

Swift App

First thing's first, we'll need your machine set up to create and/or run an iPad app. Let's open up XCode. Go ahead and create an app targeting iOS and app:

xcode-create

That's all we need for now. Keep the XCode app running in the background, we'll come back to it shortly.

VTAP configuration

Next you'll need to make sure you have a working VTAP reader. If you are not sure how to configure you're reader, you can use this guide. However, if you bought your reader from PassNinja, it's already configured with the keys from your account.

Make sure your VTAP 100 is connected to your iPad. You may need an adapter.

Creating a Pass

Next go ahead and create a pass. In our case, we're using PassNinja to create the pass, so we first need a pass template. We'll be using a pass template we've already created for demo purposes. Make sure you have NFC fields required via API to prevent devs from creating passes without the NFC data!

pass-template-creation

Now we'll go ahead and make an API request to PassNinja to create the pass using Python and we'll set the NFC data to a string (just fyi - it cannot be longer than 64 chars) "user:42069,expires:1704067199" - which for our purposes allows us to know the user id and when their membership expires.

import passninja account_id = '[your-aid-here]' api_key = '[your-key-here]' pass_ninja_client = passninja.PassNinjaClient( account_id, api_key ) simple_pass_object = pass_ninja_client.passes.create( 'ptk_0x2', # passType { "nfc-message": "user:42069,expires:1704067199", "member-name": "Richard Grundy", "relevant-date": "2023-12-01T03:34:38+00:00", "expiration-date": "Dec 1 2029", "latitude":"33.991975", "longitude":"-118.468687", "max-distance":"1000" } ) print(simple_pass_object.url)

Now that we've run the above, we got back a pass URL, which we'll download to our phone:

issued-and-installed-pass

Capturing Pass NFC data

Next we need to write some code to collect the input from the VTAP 100 over the wire and make it available to our iPad application. In order to do this, we'll create a fake input. Put this in the ContentView file that was generated by XCode:

import SwiftUI protocol InvisibleTextViewDelegate { func valueChanged(text: String?) } class InvisibleTextView: UIView, UIKeyInput { var text: String? var delegate: InvisibleTextViewDelegate? override var canBecomeFirstResponder: Bool { true } // MARK: UIKeyInput var keyboardType: UIKeyboardType = .decimalPad var hasText: Bool { text != nil } func insertText(_ text: String) { self.text = (self.text ?? "") + text setNeedsDisplay() delegate?.valueChanged(text: self.text) } func deleteBackward() { if var text = text { _ = text.popLast() self.text = text } setNeedsDisplay() delegate?.valueChanged(text: self.text) } } struct InvisibleTextViewWrapper: UIViewRepresentable { typealias UIViewType = InvisibleTextView @Binding var text: String? @Binding var isFirstResponder: Bool class Coordinator: InvisibleTextViewDelegate { var parent: InvisibleTextViewWrapper init(_ parent: InvisibleTextViewWrapper) { self.parent = parent } func valueChanged(text: String?) { if let parts = text?.split(separator: ",").map({ String($0) }) { let userString = parts.first let userData = userString?.split(separator: ":").map({ String($0) }) parent.text = userData?.last! } } } func makeCoordinator() -> Coordinator { Coordinator(self) } func makeUIView(context: Context) -> InvisibleTextView { let view = InvisibleTextView() view.delegate = context.coordinator return view } func updateUIView(_ uiView: InvisibleTextView, context: Context) { if isFirstResponder { uiView.becomeFirstResponder() } else { uiView.resignFirstResponder() } } } struct EditableText: ViewModifier { @Binding var text: String? @State var editing: Bool = false func body(content: Content) -> some View { content .background(InvisibleTextViewWrapper(text: $text, isFirstResponder: $editing)) .onTapGesture { editing.toggle() } .background(editing ? Color.gray : Color.clear) } } extension View { func editableText(_ text: Binding) -> some View { modifier(EditableText(text: text)) } } struct ContentView: View { @State private var value: String? = nil var body: some View { HStack { if let value = value { Text(value) } else { Text("Tap to start scanning mode...") } } .editableText($value) } } #Preview { ContentView() }

At a very high level, what this code is doing is creating an invisible text input that captures the incoming emulated "keystrokes" from our connected VTAP reader and pipes them into our UI, without popping up the normal iOS keyboard.

Now go ahead and run your app, make sure your VTAP is connected and you should see something like this when your pass is scanned:

issued-and-installed-pass

Conclusion

We covered a whole lot in this tutorial. We've shown you one way you can use your VTAP 100 to build an NFC powered experience integrated with an iPad app using SwiftUI. We hope you found this tutorial useful!

If you have any feedback on this article, let us know! Email content@passninja.com

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